The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа Спасителя) in Moscow, Russia. This cathedral is Moscow’s Phoenix, the legendary firebird that burns to ashes and then is reborn to live again.
When Napoleon's soldiers left Moscow in 1812 Tsar Alexander I decided to build a Cathedral in honour of Christ the Saviour as a memorial of the sacrifices of the Russian people under the war against Napoleon. But it took many years to build the cathedral, after Tsar Alexander I death new architects where appointed and a Neo-Byzantine design was approved instead of the flamboyant Neoclassical design that where proposed from the beginning, and it was not consecrated until 26 of May 1883.
After the death of Lenin, the site of the cathedral was chosen by the Soviets as the site for a monument to socialism known as the Palace of Soviets. A gigantic skyscraper taller than the Empire state building and topped with gigantic statue of Lenin, larger than the Statue of Liberty should be built here. 1931 the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour was dynamited and blast into rubble. It took more than one blast to destroy the church and more than a year to clear the rubble from the site. The construction of the Palace of Soviets was interrupted due to a lack of funds, problems with flooding from the nearby Moscow River, and the outbreak of war. The flooded foundation hole remained on the site until, under Nikita Khrushchev, it was transformed into a huge public swimming pool, the largest the world had ever seen.
With the end of the Soviet rule, the Russian Orthodox Church received permission to rebuild the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in 1990. Contractions begun in 1992 and the rebuilt Cathedral were consecrated on the Transfiguration day 19of August 2000.
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